Eye Flu in India : Conjunctivitis, popularly known as the “Eye Flu,” is becoming more prevalent all over the country. According to media accounts, Delhi doctors see about 100 instances per day. Numerous areas of Agra have also seen an increase in cases of the eye illness.
More than 40% of patients who had the eye flu were reportedly treated at the district hospital in Agra and the ophthalmology division of the SN Medical College. According to the experts, there had been a considerable increase in cases of eye flu. When they went to the doctors, the majority of the patients reportedly had painful, swollen, and red eyes.
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What is conjunctivitis or the eye flu?
It is an irritation of the eye’s conjunctiva. A clear, thin membrane known as conjunctiva covers your eyeball and the inside of your eyelids. Due to its potential to turn the white of the eye pink or crimson, it is also known as Pink Eye.
It is “highly contagious” and simple for conjunctivitis to spread by touch or contact.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) state that pink eye symptoms might differ, although they frequently include redness or swelling of the eye’s white.
What contributes to eye flu?
The most typical causes of conjunctivitis (pink eye), according to the CDC, are:
- viruses bacteria allergens
- Chemicals are among the other culprits.
- Air pollution brought on by smoke, dust, fumes, or chemical vapors inside and outdoor foreign bodies in the eye (such a stray eyelash)
- Parasites and nematodes
According to the CDC, some conjunctivitis symptoms may be the same regardless of the cause, making it challenging to pinpoint the specific cause.
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What signs or symptoms accompany eye flu?
Conjunctivitis symptoms can include:
- The color of the eyes’ whites is pink or crimson.
- Increasing conjunctival swell
- More tears being produced
- Having the impression that something strange is in one’s eye or wanting to rub it
tingling, burning, or discomfort
- Eyelids or lashes that are particularly chapped in the morning
uncomfortable contact lenses that do not remain in position on the eye
The best way to treat eye flu?
According to medical professionals, conjunctivitis can be treated with antibiotic eye drops, eye ointments, topical decongestants, lubricants, and some oral anti-allergic medications. Wash your hands with soap and water if you have the eye flu to stop the illness from spreading.
Cold compresses and artificial tears can help reduce some of the inflammation and dryness brought on by conjunctivitis, according to the CDC.
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“Viral conjunctivitis often only causes moderate instances. In most cases, the infection will go away on its own in 7 to 14 days without any long-term effects or treatment. The CDC notes that occasionally, viral conjunctivitis might take two to three weeks or longer to go away. A watery discharge during the day and a sticky discharge in the morning are the hallmarks of viral conjunctivitis. The eyelids could swell up significantly. Viral conjunctivitis typically clears up on its own in a week or two. Apply a warm compress to the eyes to treat viral infections. Additionally, lubricating eye drops or artificial tears might help soothe dryness and discomfort.
How can conjunctivitis be treated?
The main focus of treatment is symptomatic alleviation. Cold compresses (for bacterial infections) and artificial tears can be bought over-the-counter without a prescription to assist ease some of the inflammation and dryness brought on by conjunctivitis. However, Dr. Sharma advises against using over-the-counter medications since they can do more harm than good. In addition, she advises against using steroid eye drops unless a doctor has recommended them.